Current media


Judicial victory for Kinship carers

Cathy Ashley, Chief Executive of Family Rights Group and spokesperson for the Kinship Care Alliance.

“Today’s High Court judgment on kinship care and the two child tax credit limit is hugely welcome.

The Department for Work and Pensions had chosen to penalise some kinship carers including sibling carers, who were raising their younger brothers and sisters and subsequently had their own baby after April 2017. These kinship carers were prevented from claiming child tax credit for their own child, if there were already two or more children in the household. It was a pernicious and unjust approach that was criticised by ourselves, some MPs and peers. The High Court has rightly found it to be perverse and unlawful. It is just a shame the Government did not listen earlier and that Child Poverty Action Group have had to take the case to the High Court for justice to be done.

Kinship carers are raising children, many of whom cannot live safely with their parents and who would otherwise be in the care system at great public expense. Half of kinship carers have to give up work to take on children and most are forced into poverty. Some are then hit by the benefit cap and other welfare reforms. At least now, however, this injustice in relation to the two child tax credit limit is being fixed – that is a victory.

We are extremely grateful to Child Poverty Action Group, to Melanie Onn MP who championed this in Parliament and to kinship carers and others who campaigned on this issue”.

For more information about the judgment:

For more information about kinship care and the 2 child tax credit limit:

For more information about the financial hardship faced by kinship carers:


New survey highlights financial hardship facing kinship carers

A new survey of over 500 kinship carers – grandparents, aunts, uncles and other family members and friends who’ve taken on care of children who aren’t able to live with their parents – has revealed that as many as 94% say caring has caused financial hardship, despite many stepping in to keep children out of the local authority care system. Read more about the survey findings in the Guardian's report - Kinship carers 'left poor and homeless by welfare changes'.

The survey, conducted by Family Rights Group and Grandparents Plus on behalf of the Kinship Care Alliance, found that 93% of carers felt that they hadn’t been given enough information about finance when they took on care of the children. 

The survey also showed that:

  • 41% of those receiving some form of regular local allowance said it had been reduced or been cut entirely as a result of a change in the local authority’s policy.
  • Around half of kinship carers (46%) had given up work to take on the child(ren). Only 12% of the carers surveyed were in full time work.
  • The support available to kinship carers varies wildly, even between children in the same family. A number of carers reported receiving financial support for one child but not others, often as a result of differing legal arrangements.
  • Kinship carers can be penalised by changes to the benefits system, including the benefit cap and bedroom tax, and are regularly caught between systems. One carer said: “I was told by a social worker I had to move into a four bedroomed house, as the baby could not share with my children, but housing benefit states they can share, so it won’t pay for the fourth bedroom.”
  • A few younger kinship carers have already been affected by the limiting of child tax credit to two children since April 2017, because although Government agreed to exempt carers taking in kinship children from the restriction, this does not currently apply to those who are already raising two kinship children and then have their own baby.
  • As a result of financial hardship, many kinship carers have faced losing their homes, been forced to rely on foodbanks and got into debt. One carer said: “I have used all my savings to live off. Now they have gone I am struggling to even feed us. I got told to go to the food bank. I felt degraded.”

It’s estimated that there are around 200,000 children growing up in kinship care in the UK. Only foster carers are entitled to an allowance to cover the cost of raising a child, and research has shown a clear link between kinship care and deprivation.

Cathy Ashley, Chief Executive of Family Rights Group, said:

“Relatives have often taken on the care of children to keep them safe, to give them security and because they know and love them. In some cases, they have been asked by the local authority to raise children, who would otherwise end up in the care system. Often the relatives have to make a decision at short notice.

“These kinship carers are doing all that could be asked of them by society and more. But instead of getting the support they and the children need, many kinship carers are left in poverty, isolated and having to battle to just make ends meet, whilst often also caring for traumatised children. The benefits system is getting harsher, with the benefit cap and sanctions causing some kinship care households to even lose their homes, just because they did right by the child.”

Dr Lucy Peake, Chief Executive of Grandparents Plus, said: 

“The numbers are only part of the story this survey is telling us. Hundreds of carers have sent us their experiences of trying to provide stable homes for often traumatised children with no financial support, of complex and opaque systems that give them mixed and conflicting messages. What’s even more disheartening is how little things have changed. Our research has shown that kinship carers have consistently struggled to get the support they need, despite giving up everything to put the children who need them first. It’s unacceptable that these families are still given so little policy attention and rendered so invisible. Grandparents Plus is calling on the Government to take urgent action to prevent more families from being plunged into poverty, by ensuring all kinship carers have a financial allowance related to their financial circumstances and the needs of the child.”

The Kinship Care Alliance is calling for the Government to take the following measures to support kinship carers who are permanently raising a child who cannot live with their parents:

  • Give kinship carers the right to a period of paid employment leave when the children settle in, similar to Adoption Leave. This would prevent many kinship carers from losing their jobs and being forced to rely on benefits.
  • To not apply the benefit cap and bedroom tax to kinship carer households.
  • Exempt all family and friends care households from the limiting of child tax credit to two children.


Family Rights Group has today launched the Your Family, Your Voice Alliance Knowledge Inquiry report on section 20 voluntary arrangement for children coming into the care system

See full report including findings and recommendations here.

Research undertaken as part of the Inquiry including a freedom of information request submitted to all English local authorities. It found that 163 children in care under a voluntary arrangement have been placed with foster carers who are already approved as suitable adopters since fostering for adoption legislation came into force three years ago. 111 of these are new born babies aged under 6 weeks old. In many cases the parents will not have had access to free legal advice and there will not have been any court scrutiny of the decision. 


Victory: Extension of legal aid to all parents in court proceedings whose children may be adopted

Family Rights Group is delighted that Ministers at the Department for Education and Ministry of Justice have agreed to extend non-means and non-merits tested legal aid to all parents subject to court proceedings whose children may be adopted. The Charity in conjunction with the Your Family, Your Voice Alliance had drafted amendments to the Children and Social Work Bill to address the extreme injustice some parents face because they are legally unrepresented in proceedings for a Placement Order which could result in the adoption of their children.

Cathy Ashley, Chief Executive of Family Rights Group, said: 

“We are extremely grateful to peers in the House of Lords and to Emma Lewell-Buck MP for tabling amendments to the Children and Social Work Bill aimed at addressing the injustice that some parents could be legally unrepresented in court proceedings that could determine that their child was to be adopted.

We would like to thank Edward Timpson MP and officials for listening to us and taking such concerns seriously and negotiating with the Ministry of Justice for an extension of legal aid so that all parents can be legally represented in hearing which could result in the adoption of their child.

It is particularly apt that the Government’s decision was made this week. Today is the first anniversary of the death of Bridget Lindley, Family Rights Group’s Deputy Chief Executive and Principal Legal Adviser who consistently highlighted injustice faced by parents whose children had been removed. The funeral was also held this week of Peter Leevers, a social worker who in retirement had advocated for many parents in similar circumstances who could not afford private legal representation. We dedicate this legal amendment to both Bridget and Peter.”

For further information about the current situation prior to the extension to legal aid which will come into place later this year see page 6 of the briefing.


Family Rights Group's intervention to The Supreme Court 

Obituary about Bridget Lindley in The Times

N (Children), Re [2016] UKSC 15 (13 April 2016) - Family Rights Group's intervention

N (Children), Re [2016] UKSC 15 (13 April 2016) - Judgement

Appeal against order for transfer of care proceedings relating to two children born in England to Hungarian parents, to Hungary. Appeal allowed.

This is the first time that Family Rights Group has intervened in a supreme court case.

Campaign to ensure the continuation of Family Rights Group's Advice Service

Thank you all for emailing your MP to support the continued funding of our unique advice service for families who are involved with children's services. We are very relieved that funding had now been agreed and the service is safe until the end of March 2018.

Latest media

Family Rights Group's new report entitled Doing the right thing: a Report on the experiences of kinship carers, 13 October 2015 has been covered in both the Independent and the Guardian. 

The Guardian piece, here  featured at the top of the home page this morning and has attracted a lot of comment. The Independent have dedicated a full page to the story, and can be found online here .

The story is also covered in Community Care here

The Guardian: Tributes to Rupert Hughes CBE –senior civil servant who was a key figure in bringing into force the Children Act 1989.

“The Children Act remains a landmark piece of British child care law which has truly stood the test of time. Various politicians will claim credit for its success but the key figure responsible was a shy and unassuming civil servant called Rupert Hughes”.

Press release on new report from Family Rights Group on 'Could do better...Must do better: A study of family and friends care local authority policies' by Mercer A, Lindley B and Hopkins A, 27 March 2015

Articles on polling data commissioned by Family Rights Group, thanks to funding from Esmee Fairbairn Foundation, on public backing for children in family and friends care getting the same support as those who are in care or are adopted.

Wales online: Thousands of Welsh kids being looked after by relatives are denied the same benefits as those adopted or in foster care, 22 March 2015 

The Independent: Kinship carers: Overwhelming public backing for improved rights and support for those who take full-time custody of their grandchildren or siblings, 15 March 2015 

What happens to siblings in the care system? Report by Cathy Ashley and David Roth, Family Rights Group, 26 January 2015

Latest reports/articles

Your Family, Your Voice Alliance briefing focusing on young parents who are care leavers for report stage of the Children and Social Work Bill in the House of Lords, October 2016

New report published by Family Rights Group entitled Young parents' involvement In the child welfare system : Findings on young parents whose children are involved with the child welfare system, June 2016

Briefing to the House of Lords on the Children and Social Work Bill. Submitted by Family Rights Group on behalf of the Kinship Care Alliance, June 2016

Briefing by the Your Family, Your Voice Alliance for the House of Lords focusing on young parents who are care leavers - Children and Social Work Bill 2016

New report published by Family Rights Group entitled Doing the right thing: a Report on the experiences of kinship carers, 13 October 2015

The report is based on:

  • Calls by kinship carers to Family Rights Group Advice Service in the financial year 2014/15.
  • An online survey of 579 kinship carers.

Key findings are:

  • Almost half (49%) of kinship carers have had to give up work permanently to care for the kin child, and a further 18% had to give up work temporarily.
  • 22% of kinship carers' households had 3 or more children aged 18 or under, suggesting that the Government's proposed limit on child tax credits will have a detrimental effect on kinship carers.
  • 80% of kinship carers felt that when they took on the child, they did not know enough about the legal options and the consequences for getting support to make an informed decision.

Family Rights Group's response on behalf of the Kinship Care Alliance to the Government's Special Guardianship Review, September 2015

Could do better...Must do better: A study of family and friends care local authority policies by Mercer A, Lindley B and Hopkins A. Editor: Ashley C, 27 March 2015

A new report based upon research by Family Rights Group which reveals that 26 (17%) of English local authorities, including 30% of London local authorities are failing to comply with the most basic requirement of statutory guidance issued in 2011, to have a published policy setting out their approach towards promoting and supporting the needs of children living with family and friend carers.

The study analyses 53 family and friends care policies, to identify how they are complying with statutory family and friends care guidance and to highlight good practice. It includes a check list to assist local authorities to develop and improve their policies.

What happens to siblings in the care system? Report by Cathy Ashley and David Roth, Family Rights Group, 26 January 2015

A new report by Family Rights Group (Ashley & Roth 2015) investigates the experience of siblings in the care system. It found that half (49.5%) of all sibling groups in local authority care are split up and that 37% of children in care who have at least one other sibling in care are living with none of their siblings. The research also found although relatively few looked after children live with kinship foster carers, it appears to particularly be conducive to supporting siblings to be able to live together. The report sets out a series of recommendations to enable more siblings in care to live together, when it is their welfare interests.

Article by Cathy Ashley, Chief Executive, Family Rights Group in Progress on-Line on helping families stay together, 10 February 2015

The article challenges the assumption that the primary role of the child welfare system is to change families.

Latest campaigns

Agenda for Action 2015 – please support our campaign

The Kinship Care Alliance has published an Agenda for Action setting out recommendations that we think need to be implemented following the general election 2015.

We want to see the following changes:

  • That children who cannot live with their parents are able to grow up within their wider family wherever possible, taking account of children's wishes and feelings.
  • That children living in family and friends care are not overlooked and have their needs met.
  • That family and friends carers have access to free legal advice and information services to protect the children.
  • That family and friends carers are enabled to stay in work and not forced to give up their jobs when taking on the care of the children.
  • That family and friends carers are not plunged into poverty nor penalised by the benefits system.

Plans to improve support for children in kinship care, 10 February 2015

Today, Tristram Hunt MP, Shadow Secretary of State for Education has announced measures that he plans to introduce to improve support for children in kinship care, should Labour be elected into Government. Please see more information about the announcement.

Commenting on the announcement, Cathy Ashley, Family Rights Group's Chief Executive said "Kinship carers go to enormous lengths, often at considerable personal cost, to care for children who cannot live with their parents, and have often previously suffered considerable trauma or tragedy. They do what is right by these children, so should society. It is essential that they be given greater support, including children in kinship care being given the highest priority in the school admissions system. This is an important step forward." - Cathy Ashley, Chief Executive, Family Rights Group.

Later today Family Rights Group will be hosting a meeting in which children raised by their kinship carers and the carers themselves will discuss their experiences with Tristram Hunt MP.

You can read more about the Agenda for Action that Family Rights Group, as members of the Kinship Care Alliance, is promoting so that more children who cannot live with their parents, are able to live safely and thrive within their wider family. 

Kinship Care Alliance Agenda for Action 2015

When children are unable to live safely with their parents, then their family and friends should be the first port of call to provide them with love, care and security. These family and friends carers should be recognised and valued. Both the carers and the children should have their voices heard and needs met so that the children can flourish.
We are requesting for individuals and organisations to sign up to our agenda for action – please email This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.if you wish to.

The first national survey of children raised in kinship care

We would love to hear the views of children being raised by grandparents or older siblings or in other family and friends care arrangements (also known as kinship care). This is the first national survey of its kind. The results of the survey will be published on the website and will influence Family Rights Group's work including what we try and get funding to do and that of the Kinship Care Alliance.

We have not put a closing date – instead our aim is that at least 100 children and young people complete the survey.